All rights reserved. No part of this web site may be reproduced in any form or by any means, whether electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the lawful copyright owner.

It is necessary that site visitors are absolutely clear what this means – so as to avoid any confusion and potential breach of copyright in any possible use or publication by other parties.

All information and images on this website are marked copyright – © – to a variety of sources. This means that the lawful copyright holder owns whatever is copyright as ‘intellectual property’. Therefore, legally, none of it can be used elsewhere in any form without the express permission of the lawful copyright holder.

Theft of intellectual property is the same as the theft of a material object such as money or a car, and quite simply IT IS A CRIME in both International and UK law – specifically for the UK within the Copyright Act 1988. As it is regarded as a matter of the theft of intellectual property, therefore breaches of copyright and/or permission for use are criminal, not civil, offences with relevant penalties available within criminal law. This also brings with it, in addition to any material punishment, a criminal record for any parties found guilty. These deterrents against intellectual property theft should therefore speak for themselves as to how seriously the law sees such a crime.

The images on the website are all digital copies of the originals which are held by the owners. Permission for use of these images is wholly restricted to educational (e.g. a school project) and private research only. Copyright clearance must be obtained from the relevant owner in all other circumstances for any use of the text or images, for example on a web site available to the public or in any form of publication in any media.

Advice and information about permission for use of material published upon this website can be obtained by contacting the relevant copyright holder for private consultation and negotiation.

There should be no need to emphasise this point further – that breaches of copyright and/or permission for use will not be tolerated under any circumstances and appropriate legal action will be taken if necessary.


While care has been taken to acknowledge our sources, if you consider we have used material without due acknowledgement please inform us in order that this can be rectified.

Awareness of Data Protection Act

The contents of any material forwarded to the web site for the purposes of yew research is strictly private and confidential and legally protected as such. It will not be disclosed to any other party except in circumstances where express permission has been sought and obtained from the provider and/or lawful copyright holder. However, whilst all attempts are made to respect and maintain confidentiality at all times, no responsibility can be accepted for any information being obtained by illegal means such as computer hacking.